What is Alzheimer’s Disease?
Alzheimer’s disease is a rapidly spreading disease, which can harm memory and other important mental functions.
This is the most common cause of dementia (dementia), which reduces our intellectual capacity significantly. These changes can prove to be bad for our day-to-day life.
In Alzheimer’s disease, the cells of the brain are formed and end in itself, thereby continuously decreasing memory and mental functioning.
Alzheimer’s disease medications and management strategies can temporarily improve its symptoms. Many times it helps to increase the capability of brain functioning of people suffering from Alzheimer’s disease and keep them independent. But no treatment is available for Alzheimer’s disease, so it is necessary to adopt the associated services related to it.
The difference in Alzheimer’s Disease and Dementia
What is the difference between dementia and Alzheimer’s disease?
Dementia and Alzheimer’s disease are not the same. Dementia is an overall term used to describe memory, problems in daily activities and communication disabilities. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common type of dementia (dementia) and it affects memory, language and thinking over time.
However, the symptoms of these two situations can be identical but it is important to know the differences between the two. Both situations have the following symptoms:
The decrease in thinking ability
Certain types of dementia will include some of the symptoms of Alzheimer’s written below, but other symptoms will not help in distinguishing between two conditions –
Difficulty remembering recent events or conversations.
Depression or depression
Change in behavior
Difficulty speaking, swallowing or walking
Stages of Alzheimer’s Disease
Alzheimer’s disease has the following three stages:
1. Initial stage
In the initial stage, the patient’s friends, family and other people may experience problems. During a detailed therapy, physicians can detect problems in the patient’s memory or concentration. In the early stage of Alzheimer’s disease, the patient can drive freely, do other work and social activities. Despite this, the patient may feel that problems are coming in his memory, forgetting familiar words or forgetting the place of everyday things.
The symptoms are –
Problems thinking the right word or name.
Problems remembering names when introduced to new ones.
Challenges in the work of social or workplace.
Forget about what you read now
Losing a valuable item or putting it in the wrong place.
Having trouble planning or organizing
2. The middle stage of mid-stage
Alzheimer’s disease is usually the longest and can last for many years. As the disease grows, the person with Alzheimer’s disease needs more care. A person with Alzheimer’s is often confused in words and may behave strangely, as if refusing to take a bath. Expression due to the loss of nerve cells in the brain and it may be difficult to do regular tasks.
At this time, symptoms become noticeable to others such as –
Forget about events or forget your personal history.
Feeling of moodiness or erosion, in a mentally challenging situation.
Unable to remember his own address or telephone number or high school or college.
In the place of your presence or in the day the delusion
Need help in choosing the right clothes for weather or any occasion.
Problems in controlling bladder and intestine
Changes in the time of sleep, such as sleep during the day and restless at night.
Personality and behavioral changes, such as suspicion and confusion or repetitive behaviors such as repeated joints.
3. Last phase
In this phase, the person loses the ability to react to the environment around him, continue the conversation, and finally, to control the activities. They have difficulties to tell about pain. As memory and cognitive skills deteriorate, significant personality changes can occur and individuals need to get help in daily activities.
The symptoms are –
Always need help for daily activities and personal care.
Lack of awareness of recent experiences and awareness about your surroundings.
Physical abilities such as walking, sitting and having difficulty swallowing.
Continuous problems increase communication.
Increased risk for infection, especially pneumonia
Symptoms of Alzheimer Disease
What are the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease?
1. Initial Symptoms
The initial symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease can be so light and subtle that you can not see any change in your thinking or behavior. These are the symptoms –
Loss of things and inability to find back
Memories of memory affecting everyday life.
Problems with planning or problem solving
Take more time to complete normal daily tasks.
Do not miss the time.
Trouble determining distance and differences in colors
Take the wrong decision because of poor estimation.
Isolation from social activities
Changes in mood and personality and increase in anxiety
2. Moderate symptoms
Alzheimer’s disease spreads to more areas of the brain, and family and friends feel the change in your thinking and behavior. These are the symptoms –
Problems recognizing friends and family members
Difficulty in working with language problems and reading, writing and numbers.
Difficulty to organize ideas and think carefully.
Inability to learn new tasks or deal with new and unexpected situations.
Inappropriate anger comes
Perceptual problems, such as problems arising from raising a chair or establishing a table, repeating things or activities and sometimes muscle jerks.
Feeling, confusion, suspicion or insanity and irritability.
Problems with impulse control, such as using inappropriate language or bad language at places.
Disturbances of behavioral symptoms, such as discomfort, excitement, anxiety, crying and wandering
3. Critical Symptoms
Lack of bladder and bowel control
Groaning, sighing or grunting
Causes of Alzheimer’s disease
Why does Alzheimer’s disease happen?
Scientists believe that in most people, Alzheimer’s disease is caused by a combination of genetic, lifestyle and environmental factors that affect the brain over time.
Less than 5%, Alzheimer’s is due to specific genetic changes which in reality it guarantees to develop the disease.
However, the cause of Alzheimer’s disease is not yet fully confirmed, but its effect on the brain is clear. Alzheimer’s disease hurts or kills brain cells. Compared to a healthy brain, there is very few cells in a brain affected by Alzheimer’s disease and there are very few connections between living cells.
What are the risk factors of Alzheimer’s disease?
The following are risk factors for Alzheimer’s disease:
Age – People over 85 years of age have a higher risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease.
Family history – Because of Alzheimer’s disease in others in the family, you also have high risk of getting it.
Less educational and business receipts
First head injury
Sleep disorders (for example, sleep apnea).
Prevention of Alzheimer’s Disease
What can be prevented from having Alzheimer’s disease?
At the moment, there is no proven way of avoiding Alzheimer’s disease but scientific research is going on in this subject. It is still believed that reducing the risk of heart disease can reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s disease.
Many factors that increase the risk of heart disease can also increase the risk of Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia.
There are some important factors –
High blood pressure
Diabetes ( sugar syrup )
Diagnosis of Alzheimer’s Disease
How is the diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease?
Doctors, of course, can not diagnose Alzheimer’s disease before death, because after death, they can closely examine the brain with a microscope but they can test other conditions that may cause similar symptoms to Alzheimer’s disease. Are. These tests are:
1. Check your Health History
Your doctor will take a physical examination of you and ask questions about your past and current health. like –
No trouble in your symptoms and daily activities.
Other medical problems now or earlier
The medicines that you take.
Your personal history, such as your marital status, living conditions, employment, sexual history and important life events.
Your mental condition The doctor will ask you several questions that will help them understand if you have a mental health problem, such as depression .
Family history and genetic disease in the family.
2. Psychic Testing
This is a brief test that examines your problem-solving skills, duration of meditation, skills to count and memory etc. These tests will help your doctor know whether there are problems in parts involved in your brain’s learning, memory, thinking or planning skills.
3. CT scan (CT scan)
In CT scan, a machine takes X-rays of your body in a very short period of many different ways, and a computer changes the scan images into a series. CT scan can show changes in the normal brain in later stages of Alzheimer’s.
MRI creates a very clear picture of your body using a large magnet, radio waves and computer, and helps doctors see whether there are symptoms like Alzheimer’s due to tumor or stroke . It can also help to show the changes in the brain related to the disease.
Treatment of Alzheimer’s disease
What is the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease?
Currently, there is no cure for Alzheimer’s disease, but some medicines can help in cognitive and behavioral symptoms.
Complications of Alzheimer’s disease
What other problems can arise from Alzheimer’s disease?
Alzheimer’s disease can lead to problems related to memory and language. A person with Alzheimer’s disease is not capable of following –
Problems in expressing pain (for example, pain in dentistry).
Problems in expressing symptoms of other illnesses
Problems following the prescribed treatment plan.
Problems recognizing and describing side effects of medication
As Alzheimer’s disease progresses in its final phase, changes in the brain begin to affect body functions. Like swallowing, balance and bowel and bladder control problems. These effects can increase additional health problems such as –
Pneumonia and other infections – Due to difficulty in swallowing, people with Alzheimer’s often take food or fluid in their airways and lungs, which can lead to pneumonia.
Unable to evacuate the bladder, a tube may be required to remove and collect urine, which increases the risk of urinary tract infection, which can be more serious and also killable.
People with Alzheimer’s become weak and they increase the risk of falling.