Ascariasis is a small intestine infection caused by Ascaris lumbricoides, which is a species of roundworm. Roundworm is a type of parasitic. It is common to have a transition from roundworm.
These parasitic worms live in your body and grow up there only. When worms grow, they can be longer than one feet (30 centimeters).
What are the symptoms of Ascariasis?
Persons suffering from ascariasis often do not see symptoms. When roundworms begin to grow then symptoms associated with it start showing more.
If you have a roundworm in your lungs, then it may show signs of cough or difficulty in speaking, wheezing or breathing problems, bleeding in the mucus, feeling any kind of difficulty in the chest, fever coming, etc.
If the roundworm is in your intestine, it may cause problems like nausea and vomiting, frequent stools or diarrhea, lack of appetite, weight loss.
Why is ascariasis?
Man’s stool can also cause infection if the infected person poisons around the farm or water or otherwise uses unwanted feces as fertilizer for crops.
The person may also come in contact with infected eating or drinking, especially if the person does not clean the food well or does not wash his hands.
Children may also be infected by this if they put their hands in the mouth without washing them after playing in the contaminated soil.
How is Ascariasis treated?
With the help of some types of antiparasitic medicines, doctors can treat many cases of ascariasis. In this case, doctors can treat you differently for many serious infections.
The goal of the doctor is not to completely eliminate the infection, but the number of worms and eggs in the stomach and lungs is reduced so that the symptoms can be reduced. A doctor may also recommend surgery to remove the insects.
What is Ascariasis
Roundworms are a type of parasite that seeks to support the human body to survive, eat and reproduce. Roundworms mainly reach the human intestine, where they survive, eat and reproduce. These usually do not cause any symptoms, but if the intestine is in excess, then the probability of developing symptoms increases.
Symptoms of Ascariasis
In most cases, no symptoms develop with ascariasis. But if there is a high number of roundworms in your body then the symptoms begin to grow and the number of roundworm parasites in the intestines will be equally serious.
If symptoms of ascariasis develop, then they may include:
Exit the roundworm from the inside of the nose or mouth
Roundworm with stools
Bleeding in mucus ( blood clotting with coughing)
Cough and wheezing
Parasitic insects coming out with vomiting
Parasitic insects with a cough to get out of the body
When to show to Doctor?
If you feel that you or your child has become roundworm, then the doctor should be shown as soon as possible. If you are experiencing symptoms such as stomachache, vomiting, dizziness, or worms, etc., then you should go to the doctor.
Ascariasis Life Cycle
Causes of Ascariasis
Roundworm infection or ascariasis is a common type of infection in parasitic insects all over the world.
Eggs of roundworm parasites are found in contaminated soil and feces.
Ascariasis does not spread directly from the person coming into contact with the person. However, when a person comes in contact with such contaminated soil, water or stool, in which the eggs of roundworm parasites are present, ascariasis spreads. These eggs often enter the body through the mouth. After this, the infection can spread from person to person through infected stool.
Children are infected in more cases than asarasiasis because they put a contaminated finger in their mouth.
Someone may be infected with ascariasis by drinking contaminated water or by eating contaminated food. This happens especially when they are not washed well with their food items and their hands clean water before eating them.
When does the risk of having ascariasis grow?
There are some situations in which the possibility of infections caused by roundworm increases.
Roundworm parasites are more commonly found in hot, damp and tropical areas.
These parasites are common in those areas where people live in poverty
In areas where human stool is not properly disposed (disposed), there are roundworm parasites.
Rural and congested areas where there is no proper sanitation arrangement
Using unspecified wastewater or human stool as a fertilizer in the cultivation
Traveling in an area where roundworm parasites are quite common
Can not maintain personal hygiene properly
Patients with ascariasis are mostly people of 10 years and younger. The risk of having ascariasis is higher in children of this age because they mostly play in the dirt.
Prevention of Ascariasis
If you are going to travel in a remote area or in some other area, where the on-the-ring movement is quite common, then some precautions should be taken:
Wash or wash your hands with soap and hot water before eating or making food.
Boil or filter before using water
If you are in an area where there is no modern hygiene then only drink only the bottled water (read more – the native way of cleaning the water )
As well as the availability of adequate water for personal hygiene, facilitating good disposal of human feces also reduces the cases of ascariasis.
Inspect the cleanliness etc. where the food is ready.
In areas where there is no proper cleaning facility or where human stools are used as fertilizers. Wash vegetables without washing them on their shoulders.
Getting proper education related to hygiene can help in preventing ascariasis; Besides, maintaining proper hygiene, repeated washing and cooking techniques are also important to protect against this disease.
Diagnosis of Ascariasis
To detect ascariasis, roundworm parasite or its egg is identified in the patient’s mouth, nose, or anus. Detection of the ascariasis disease at the earliest time can be a bit difficult for the doctor because sometimes the roundworm eggs cannot be found during the investigation.
People infected with roundworms usually show symptoms and symptoms like malnutrition. To test this situation, the following tests can be done:
In this test, it is examined by taking a sampling of the stool to detect parasites and their eggs. Parasites or their Ascaris lumbricoides eggs, which are present in feces, are identified. These parasites are usually found only in the samples of the stool and in very rare cases are found in the fluid or substance derived from mouth or nose.
C2C and Eosinophil count:
During the test, your blood test can also be performed, in which a special type of white blood cell is examined, which is called eosinophil. In cases of ascariasis, the number of these white blood cells increases.
If you are suffering from roundworm, then your stomach is X-ray and parasites can be identified in its photos. In some cases, chest X-ray is done, in which the larva (parasitic kid) in the lungs is detected.
CT Scan or MRI Scan:
With the help of these two types of tests, photos of inner parts of the body are made. Photographs made by them are quite obvious, with the help of which doctors recognize parasites creating obstructions in the ducts in the liver or pancreas.
A type of x-ray machine is used in the CT scan, in which photos from inside the body are taken from different locations. MRIs are used in radio waves and powerful magnetic fields, with the help of which photos of inner organs of the body are prepared.
With the help of this test, the roundworm or any other parasite is detected in the pancreas or liver. In this test technique, sound waves are used, with the help of which the picture of the inner organs is made. (Read more – what is ultrasound )
Roundworms and other intestinal insects are also seen with radiological or sonographic techniques and in few rare cases, roundworms can also be found in the fluid derived from the patient’s sputum or stomach.
Ascariasis Lumbricoides Treatment
How is ascariasis treated?
The goal of ascariasis lumbricoides treatment is not necessarily to eliminate the ascariasis disease completely, instead, it can be started to reduce the number of roundworms and their eggs in the patient’s body.
If roundworms or their eggs have been found in sewage, then doctors can prescribe some type of anthelmintic medicines. These medicines kill or cause intestinal insects, including the following:
Treatment of infection usually takes 1 to 3 days. The medicines used in the treatment are quite effective, which may lead to some side effects.
The doctor can write iron supplements and itching creams to reduce itching and pain.
If you have severe ascariasis, then you may need other ascariasis lumbricoides treatment. In this, the doctor can take help of the operation to stop the growing roundworms. If the roundworm has completely stopped your intestines, then you may need surgery.
Apart from these, there are also some other conditions which develop into the complexity of ascariasis and require the operation, such as intestinal perforation, obstruction of bile ducts and appendix, etc.
There is no vaccine available for ascariasis yet.
Complications of Ascariasis
Most people infected with ascariasis recover from normal treatment. Symptoms of ascariasis go away before the body completes the roundworm completely.
Symptoms of ascariasis are mostly medium in most cases and there is no major problem for them. However, if intestines have a high amount of roundworms, they can spread in other parts of the body so that many dangerous complications arise. The complications that occur include:
Deteriorating process of development: The spread of the roundworm in other parts of the body does not normally lead to the development of children.
Interruptions in the intestines:
When the roundworm closes your intestines, it causes severe pain and vomiting. Obstructive obstruction is a very serious problem, which requires immediate treatment. There are many possibilities of developing gastrointestinal complications in children because they have a high risk of interruption in their small intestine.
Interruptions in the ducts:
When the roundworm closes the small tubes of the liver or pancreas, then this condition is created.
Ascariasis is severely stomach ache.
Swelling of the stomach:
Swelling in the stomach also comes in the form of complication when roundworm infection occurs.
Other complications due to infections:
It develops problems such as not applying appetite in children and not absorbing nutrients properly. In these situations, children can not get enough nutrients, which have an impact on their physical development.
Medicines for Ascariasis
A lot of medicines are available for ascariasis. All these medicines are given below. But keep in mind that without consulting the doctor, please do not take any medicines. By taking medicines without the advice of a doctor, your health can be seriously damaged.