After 12 months or regular unprotected sexual intercourse, pregnancy is defined as a deficiency in infertility (infertility). There are two types of infertility – Primary and secondary:
Primary infertility means that the couple who can never get congested. Secondary infertility means that the couple has experienced the first pregnancy but have failed to conceive later.
Worldwide, most couples suffer from primary infertility.
Sexually Transmitted Infections are the main cause of infertility, which is responsible for tubular damage due to inflammatory diseases in the pelvis. Fertility is becoming more and less worldwide, especially in many urban places where older women are planning to give birth to their first child.
Reduction in fertility capacity affects 15% of older people worldwide. According to the World Health Organization estimates, primary infertility in India is between 9% to 16.8%. Infertility in Indian states is different from state-state like Uttar Pradesh 3.7%, Himachal Pradesh and Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh 5% and Kashmir 15%
Symptoms of Infertility (Deficiency Fertility)
Symptoms of Infertility in Women
In women, changes in the menstrual cycle and ovulation can be a sign of infertility related illness. Symptoms include:
Menstrual bleeding is more or less than normal in the menstrual period.
Irregular Monthly (Number of days changing every month).
The absence of menstrual cycle or sudden abatement
Too much back pain in menstruation, pelvic pain, and cramps.
Occasionally, female infertility can be related to the problem of hormones. In this case, these symptoms may also include:
Acne changes in the skin including acne
Sex drive and change in desire
Dark hair growth on lips, chest and chin
Hair loss or hair loss
Milk white secretion from nipples which is not related to breastfeeding
Pain during sex
Symptoms of Infertility in Men
Symptoms of infertility in men can be uncertain. Until a person does not try for a child, they do not pay attention to this. In men, symptoms of infertility can include:
Changes in hair growth
Change in sexual desire
Pain, lump or swelling in the testicles
Problems during erection and ejaculation
Causes of Infertility in Males and Females
Infertility can occur in both Males and Females. Infertility problems are caused by one-third of female infertility and one-third of men are due to infertility. In the remaining cases, infertility can be caused by both partners or for some other reason.
Causes of Infertility in Women
Damage to Fallopian Tubes Cause
Damage of fallopian tubes (taking eggs from the ovaries to the uterus) can prevent the contact between eggs and sperm. Pelvic inflammatory diseases – PID due to various sexually transmitted infections and pelvic surgeries, can damage the fallopian tubes. This is a major cause of infertility in women.
Hormonal imbalance is caused by infertility in women
Many hormonal changes occurring during the menstrual cycle cause difficulty in ovulation. Difficulty in ovulation is seen in the following situations-
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common cause of female infertility.
Emmenia (coming of the menstrual cycle) can be due to excessive physical (normal in athletes) or emotional stress.
Women with diminished ovarian reserves may have difficulty experiencing pregnancy.
Female Ovari ceases to work after the age of 40 years. There may be natural causes of ovaries work, no illness, surgery, chemotherapy or radiation.
The cause of infertility in the womb – Uterine Causes of Infertility in Women
Abnormalities can occur due to abnormal anatomy of the uterus (anatomy – anatomy), polyps and fibroids.
Causes of No Child Cervical Stenosis – Cervical Stenosis Cause Infertility in Females
Cervical stenosis (cervical disease) is caused by the narrowing of the cervix (cervix). This reduces the work capacity of the cervical. The main cause of this is that there are wounds or genetic disorders in the cervix. In some cases, the cervix does not become mucus, so that sperm can not go from the cervix to the uterus.
Causes of Infertility in Men
More than 90% of male infertility cases are due to the poor quality of sperm and the low number of sperm. In the remaining cases, male infertility can be due to many factors, including physical problems, hormonal imbalances, and genetic defects.
The reason for male infertility is lack of sperm – Causes of Low Sperm Count Male Infertility
Sperm count is less than 20 million in semen, due to lack of sperm. The lack of sperm in semen and the poor quality of sperms cause male infertility.
Sperm motility is due to a decrease in fertility of men – Male Infertility Due to Sperm Motility
If 60% or use more sperms have abnormal mobility (movement is slow and do not go straight in line) which is called asthenospermia (low number of asthenospermia – dynamic sperm) Infertility in men can also be due to low sperm motility.
The cause for male infertility is the unusual shape of the sperm – Abnormal Sperm Shape Causes Infertility
For normal and proper fertility, approximately 60% of sperm should be in the shape. Infertility can also lead to abnormal sperm formation.
Prevention of Infertility
Pregnancy is not easy for everyone. Some couples have to face many difficulties and depressions filled with ups and downs. Infertility in women and men may be affected by various health problems. But you can get rid of the lack of infertility by adopting a healthy diet and lifestyle.
1 Diet for Infertility
The food we eat, the reproductive tissues are made using the same food and healthy fertility tissue is very important for pregnancy. So it is very important to eat the right food to promote infertility and defeat infertility. Do not discourage your food by eating the same type of food every day, eat different types of healthy dishes and nourish your reproductive organs with nutrients.
Diet to increase fertility
Enrich your diet with zinc, nitric oxide, and vitamin C and vitamin E nutrients and boost your infertility. Eat lots of fresh fruit and vegetables. Asparagus and broccoli are good foods to increase reproductive health. Dried fruits like almonds, dates, figs are very good to fight infertility. You should eat at least 5-6 dates or raisins daily. Dairy products also help in the nutrition of reproductive organs. Add garlic, cinnamon, cardamom etc. to your diet.
Infertility Reducing Foods
Smoking and drinking alcohol have a huge effect on reproductive health, so avoid them. According to Ayurveda avoid excessive use of turmeric, it is used more effectively to avoid pregnancy. Avoid refined carbohydrates such as oily diet and white bread. Foods containing chemicals and preservatives are also not good for reproductive health. Limit consumption of your caffeine and meat. One or two cups of coffee are okay because it increases the number of sperms but it is not advisable to consume more.
2. Exercise for Infertility – Exercise to Avoid Infertility
Bath reproduction as a morning massage is very good for health. Being physically healthy for a healthy concept is very important. Excessive and excess weight may also be obstructed in pregnancy. Therefore adequate exercise is necessary for sufficient quantity. Promote infertility Paschimottanasana, lotus, Uttanasana, Vipritkarni posture, Balaena etc. are very useful.
3. Distance from stress for infertility – Stress Management for Reproductive Health
Stress has evolved into one of the major reasons behind infertility in the modern era. To promote infertility, it would be important to first reduce stress. To establish inner peace and reduce stress, practice pranayama or meditation in the morning.
4. Healthy Habits for Increasing Infertility – Healthy Habits to Prevent Infertility
For women, it is important to take care of your health during the menstrual cycle. Take the nutritious diet and adequate rest and quickly consult a professional in case of any abnormalities. Men should avoid wearing tight underwear to increase sperm production.
The excessive hot tub bath kills sperms and hence should be avoided. Illegal drugs such as marijuana or cocaine should be avoided as it can affect infertility. Practice safe sex- Sexually transmitted infections such as chlamydia and gonorrhea are major causes of infertility.
Sexually transmitted infections Fallopian tubes, prostatitis and other problems that can cause infertility reduction.
5. The reason for infertility is to be older – Infertility related to Age
The decision to set the right time for a child and to start a family is a very private matter. Although women need to understand that the biological clock is a real issue. Women whose age is high, they may have to face this problem while trying to conceive
Diagnosis of Infertility
How to test infertility in women?
If you are unable to conceive for a long time, then consult your doctor for its cause, diagnosis, and treatment.
The doctor can ask for a breeding test according to your condition.
Some of which are –
Ovulation testing – increasing the level of luteinizing hormone (a hormone that helps regulate the menstrual cycle and ovulation) can be detected by sitting at home, over-the-counter ovulation test kits is. The level of this hormone usually increases before the ovulation. A blood test can be done to check progesterone (a hormone produced after ovulation). To see if the ovulation is happening or not. Prolactin hormone levels can also be checked.
Hysterosalpingography – This is an X-ray test. It shows the uterus, the fallopian tube and the area around it. Problems or abnormalities may appear in the pictures such as the uterus or fallopian tube injury. There may also be an obstruction of an egg from the fallopian tube to the uterus. One blockage can also prevent sperm from entering the fallopian tube and joining in an egg. The test can also be found in the uterus inside the test. Which prevents fertilized eggs from implanting to the uterine wall.
Ovarian reserve test – This test helps to check the quality and quantity of eggs available for ovulation. Women who have the risk of falling eggs, such as women over 35 years of age, blood and imaging test can be used for them.
Other Hormonal Tests – Other Hormonal Tests Also Examine the levels of ovulatory hormones as well as thyroid and pituitary hormones. Which regulate the reproductive processes. (Read more – Home remedies for reducing thyroid )
Imaging test – a pelvic ultrasound can be used to examine the uterus or fallopian tubes. Occasionally a normal ultrasound cannot be seen extensively within the uterus. In such cases, a hysterosonography is used to look inside the uterus.
Depending on your situation, the following tests can also be done –
Imaging test – Depending on your symptoms, doctors may use hysteroscopy to see the uterus or fallopian tubes disease.
Laparoscopy – In this test, a thin eyepiece is inserted under your navel, to detect fallopian tubes, ovaries, and uterus, a thin visual device is inserted. In this surgery, the body has a minimal incision.
Diagnosis of infertility in Men
There may be several tests to determine the cause of infertility. In some cases, reasons cannot be identified. Testing of infertility can be expensive.
Diagnosis of male infertility problems is usually done by the following tests –
General Physical Examination and Medical History – It involves examining your genitals and asking about any genetic condition, chronic health problems, illnesses, injuries or surgery. Which can affect fertility? The doctor can also ask about your sexual habits and your sexual development during your puberty.
Analysis of semen – Your semen is tested to measure the number of sperms. And any type of abnormalities are seen in morphology and motion (mobility). Your semen will be examined in the laboratory to see if you do not have any type of infection. If your sperm analysis is normal, the doctor will advise you to thoroughly examine your female partner before doing any kind of screening.
Ultrasound of scrotum sac – Through this test, the doctor will know about obstructions or other problems in the testicles and assistive structures.
Transvaal Ultrasound – In this, the doctor examines your prostate and checks the blockages of the tubes in which semen (ejaculation ducts and semen vesicles).
Hormone testing – Blood test is done to measure the testosterone hormone and other hormone levels important for the production of sperm.
Post-ejaculation urinalysis – In your urine, sperm can indicate that your sperm is not going back to the bladder instead of going out of your penis during ejaculation. (retrograde ejaculation).
Treatment for Infertility
How to treat infertility in women – Female infertility treatments
Treatment of infertility depends on your age, period of infertility and personal preferences due to her being. Because infertility is a complex disorder. Treatment includes significant financial, physical, psychological and time commitment.
Although some women require only one or two types of medical treatment to cure fertility, it is possible that many different types of treatment are needed.
To increase fertility is treated in three ways –
Using reproductive drugs
With some sophisticated techniques
These three are being explained in detail here –
1. Reproduction restoration: stimulating ovulation with reproductive drugs
Regulation or stimulation of ovulation by reproductive drugs – Women who are unable to conceive due to ovulation disorders, breeding drugs are the main treatment for them.
Fertility drugs generally work like natural hormones – Follicular Stimulating Hormone (FSH) and Luteinizing Hormone (LH). These are triggered by ovulation. They are also used in those women. Which fertilize a better egg or extra egg or egg to stimulate. Reproductive medicines include –
Clomifen citrate – Clomifen is taken verbally. It stimulates the pituitary gland to make more FSH and LH hormones. Both of these hormones are necessary for women to make eggs.
Gonadotropins – Instead of stimulating the pituitary gland to release more hormones. By treating these injections, the ovary is stimulated directly to produce many eggs.
Metformin – Metformin is used when insulin resistance is the cause or possible cause of infertility. Usually, it is used in women who have PCOS. Metformin helps improve insulin resistance, which can improve the probability of ovulation.
Letrozol – Letrozole can ovulation.
Bromocriptine ( Bromocriptine ) – It is used when the Ovluleshn problems due to generating more prolactin.
2. Reproduction Restoration: Surgery
Many surgical procedures can fix the problem. Or women can improve fertility. However, due to the success of other treatments, surgical treatment for breeding is rare these days. they include –
Laparoscopic or hysteroscopy surgery – This surgery can correct abnormalities to improve the chances of getting pregnant.
Tubal Surgery – This process is done when your fallopian tubes are blocked.
3. Reproduction Restoration: Sophisticated Techniques of Reproductive Support
The most commonly used methods for reproduction include:
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) – During the IUI, millions of healthy sperms are kept during ovulation inside the uterus.
Assistive Reproductive Techniques – This involves retrieving the mature eggs from the female. In which fertilizers are fertilized with a man’s sperm in a dish in a laboratory. After fertilization, the fetus is transferred to the uterus. IVF is the most effective supporting reproduction technique. An IVF cycle takes several weeks. And it requires the consistent blood test and daily hormone injection.
Infertility Treatment in Men – Male Infertility Treatments
Treatment of male infertility
Often, a precise cause of infertility cannot be identified. If no exact reason is clear, then the doctor may advise you of treatment or procedures so that pregnancy can be done.
In the case of infertility, the female partner is also advised to check. This can help to determine whether they will need any special treatment or it will be appropriate to use any supporting reproduction techniques.
Men are involved in treating infertility –
Surgery – Veriocellel or a blocked habit can be corrected by surgery. Pre-sterilization can also be cured. In cases where no sperm is present in the ejaculation, sperm can often get directly from the testicles or epididymis using sperm recovery techniques.
Treatment of infection – Antibiotic can be treated with infection of the reproductive tract, but it does not always restore reproductive ability.
Treatment of sexual intercourse problems – Treatment of erectile dysfunction or premature ejaculation by drug or consultation.
Hormone treatments and medicines – Therapists may advise hormone replacement or medicines in such cases. Where infertility is due to the problems caused by the high or low levels of some hormones or the way the body uses the hormone.
Assistant Reproductive Techniques (ART) – Treatment of ART involves obtaining normal ejaculation of sperm, surgical extraction or from donors, depending on your specific case and wishes. Then sperm is inserted in the genital tract of the female, in which in vitro fertilization or intrasocyplasomic sperm injection is used.
When the treatment does not work –
In rare cases, male reproductive problems cannot be cured. And it becomes impossible for a person to become the father of a child. Doctors can suggest that you and your partner take sperm from a donor or consider adopting a child.
Risks and complications of infertility (decrease in fertility)
Other problems with infertility?
Some factors can put you at high risk of infertility. Which include –
Age – The quality and quantity of eggs in women start falling due to the rising age. In the middle of 30 years, the rate of speed of follicle damage increases, resulting in low and poor quality eggs. This makes conception more difficult and increases the risk of miscarriage.
Smoking – In addition to damaging your cervical and fallopian tubes, smoking increases the risk of miscarriage and ectopic pregnancy. (Read more – Ways to conceive )
Weight – Having more weight or significantly lower weight can affect normal ovulation. (Read more – Weight loss measures )
Sexual history – Sexually transmitted infections such as chlamydia and gonorrhea can damage fallopian tubes. Unsafe sexual intercourse with many partners increases the risk of sexually transmitted infection. Which may later cause reproductive problems.
Alcohol – Reduce the intake of alcohol.
Medication for infertility (Medicine in infertility) – Medicines for infertility
There are many medicines available for infertility (reduction in fertility). All these medicines are given below. But keep in mind that without consulting the doctor, please do not take any medicines. By taking medicines without the advice of a doctor, your health can be seriously damaged.
Note: The Given article is just for Knowlege Purpose. Do Consult your Doctor for Proper Guidance.