What is Celiac Disease?
Getting to know what is celiac disease will help you to know the right steps to take if you happen to be living with the disease. Basically, celiac is a disease of the digestive tract normally necessitated by excess consumption of food items that are rich in gluten and protein.
Food items like pizza crust, cookies, barley, bread, pasta and so on are the main causes of Celiac Disease. If you have the celiac disease, you’ll always experience damages to your small intestine.
In most cases, the intestine will begin to fail in its function of absorbing certain vital nutrients that make the digestive system smooth. This can lead to several complications in your body system.
Simply put, the celiac disease attacks the small intestine. It can easily lead to several allergic reactions to gluten around the villi or the lining of the small intestine. The organ can easily get damaged in the process.
Up till now, the real cause of the disease is not yet known. Several types of research are still going on in that direction.
However, some researchers are of the opinion that the disease has a lot to do with genetics.
A person can inherit it from his or her parents.
There may be other risks factors that can also trigger the disease.
If you take more of gluten-rich foods, you’re sure to develop the Celiac disease on a greater dimension.
The gluten destroys the inner linings of the small intestine.
There are Several Symptoms of Celiac disease. Generally, no specific symptoms are involved with the disease.
People living with the disease can showcase a variety of symptoms that may also point to some other ugly conditions.
Most people suffering from Celiac disease may experience diarrhea, irritable bowel movement, anemia, gastric ulcers, parasite infections, and other common conditions.
Most people who have been diagnosed with the celiac disease also showcase extra symptoms such as stomach upset, irritability, muscle cramps, depression, anxiety, pains in the joints, skin rash, mouth sores, dental disorders, osteoporosis and so on.
The disease can lead to mal-absorption of vital nutrients. When this occurs, the individual will suffer diarrhea, bloating, abdominal cramps, weight loss, general body weakness, fatty stool, foul-smelling stool, fever, and other related condition.
If a child is suffering from the disease, he or she will also experience some of the symptoms outlined above. In addition to that, the child will also suffer retarded growth.
Generally, the disease weakens the immune systems of individuals suffering from the condition. This can open doors for other diseases as well. It’s always important to be in close contact with your doctor anytime you start experiencing all manner of ugly symptoms.
Meanwhile, celiac disease remains incurable since its actual cause has not been discovered.
However, the symptoms of Celiac Disease can be effectively treated and controlled. Blood tests and other related tests are usually used in diagnosing the disease.
If you’re found with the disease, you may be asked to go for a gluten-free diet in order to deal with the symptoms of the disease.
In extreme cases, the doctor may recommend certain medications that can also arrest the ugly symptoms. This will help you be free from the challenges that come with the disease.
In all, getting to know more about what is celiac disease helps you to deal with the disease when it develops in your system. It’s important you work with the information given above in order to free yourself from the dangers associated with the disease.
Causes of Celiac Diseases
Celiac disease is known for attacking the small intestine.
It can easily damage the digestive tract if left unchecked. This can lead to mal-absorption of minerals, vitamins, and other body nutrients.
The damages usually occur when the individual consumes more of gluten-rich foods such as bread, wheat, rye, barley, pizza, pasta and so on.
There have been several speculations on celiac disease causes.
This has been a subject of study in various circles. The exact cause of the Celiac disease is confirmed yet. However, some scientific speculations have been made.
Most scientists and medical researchers are of the opinion that the disease is a kind of autoimmune disorder that is based on genetics and environmental factors.
The scientists maintain that the disease condition can be inherited from a family lineage known for suffering the disease.
According to the researches, the autoimmune disease is believed to have a link with a person’s genes. There’s a kind of genes you may have that can easily make you to develop the celiac disease.
You may not have the disease until some conditions trigger it. Some of the potential triggers of the disease include infections, the sun, pregnancy, and drugs.
Your immune system can be attacked if your system continues to deteriorate. When your immune system is no longer working, you’re bound to experience lots of ugly health condition.
Meanwhile, celiac disease is said to be common among people who are suffering from Down syndrome, autoimmune thyroid disease, Type 1 diabetes, Microscopic colitis, and other conditions.
Such diseases can trigger the occurrence of disease. In most cases, the symptoms of such disease are also found in the lives of people suffering from celiac disease.
It’s true that the actual root cause of celiac disease is not yet known, yet, there are some risk factors that can lead to it. Let’s examine them.
If celiac disease is found running in a family tree, many individuals from the same family are likely to develop it in the course of their lives. This is why many researchers link the disease with genetics.
There are certain environmental factors that can trigger celiac disease. Among them include previous infections of the digestive system, dieting during early childhood, bacterial infections and so on. If such conditions are not treated, they can easily trigger the occurrence of disease.
Some health conditions are among the potential risk factors of celiac disease. Among them include Type 1 diabetes, ulcerative colitis, neurological disorders, and other conditions. If such health conditions are left untreated, they can trigger the occurrence of celiac disease.
In any case, celiac disease causes still remain very vague. So many speculations have come onboard. The causes are still being researched. Celiac disease can be very dangerous.
It usually leads to a variety of symptoms which also showcase when you have other likely health conditions. The disease has no cure since its causes are still to be discovered.
However, doctors still handle the disease through proper diagnosis. Blood tests and some other tests are usually engaged in diagnosing the Celiac disease.
A gluten-free diet is usually recommended as a remedy to the disease.
Doctors may also use certain medications in treating the symptoms.
Symptoms of Celiac Disease
Celiac disease is an ugly digestive condition usually caused by excessive consumption of the protein, gluten which is normally seen in various foodstuff such as pasta, bread, pizza crust, barley, cookies and so on.
Individuals suffering from Celiac disease experience damages in their small intestines which may lead to several problems.
The small intestine may fail to absorb certain vital nutrients that speed up the digestive process. Celiac disease can also be referred to as the disease of the small intestine.
Some people may argue that there are no signs and symptoms of celiac disease.
However, there is always a sign which indicates that something is wrong. Celiac disease occurs when your body is not absorbing its nutrients, primarily gluten.
The disease is genetic which means it’s passed down through families. Anything that may cause your body to be in a burdensome state might trigger the disease.
The disease can be just as common in children as it is in adults and the elderly.
The most common symptoms of celiac disease includes
- Cramps within your muscles
- Stunting in growth
- Constant diarrhea
- Stomach bloating and pain
- Lost of color in your tooth
- Pain within your joints
- Constantly tired.
Most of these celiac disease symptoms deal with the bowels.
These symptoms of Celiac Disease usually lead to depression, irritability, skin rash, joint pain, mouth sores, and bone disorders. In children, it can stunt their growth.
Although the disease is quite severe, it is usually not life-threatening. Having a gluten reduction in the body may also lead to itchy and blistering skin.
Common areas for the itchiness to occur is around the torso, scalp, and buttocks.
Weight loss is also a significant symptom of Celiac Disease that may occur.
For women, it can lead to infertility, PMS, irregular cycles and mood swings.
Diagnosis of Celiac Disease
Your small intestine can be badly damaged when you suffer from celiac disease.
It’s a very dangerous condition that has continued to remain incurable. The actual root of the disease also remains unknown although it’s said to be associated with genetics.
The first step towards dealing with the celiac disease is proper diagnosis.
In most cases, the diagnosis process can be very tedious.
It requires the services of a well trained medical professional. It’s all about engaging the right approach in discovering the actual existence of the disease in the body of the victims. The diagnosis of Celiac Disease is not meant to cure the disease. It’s only meant to discover the real presence of the disease in order to create room for treating and controlling the symptoms.
Diagnosing celiac disease is mainly carried out through several blood tests. The tests are aimed at detecting the high levels of antibodies in the body systems of people living with the celiac disease.
The antibodies form part of the immune system of such individuals. Their function is to eliminate foreign substances found in the body system.
Many individuals suffering from celiac disease have such problems because of the presence of gluten, which a protein is found in the food items they eat.
The antibodies see the gluten as a foreign substance and also try to flush it out of the system. The blood tests help in detecting the high levels of the antibodies in their bid to flush out the foreign substances. Through the tests, the presence of the celiac disease is usually discovered.
Apart from the blood tests, there are some other tests that can be carried out in diagnosing celiac disease. The doctor may take a sample of the small intestine for proper examination. In most cases, an endoscopy will be inserted into the mouth of the patient. This goes through the esophagus and reaches the abdomen.
When it gets to the small intestine, it will take a sample of the small intestine which will be examined under a microscope. If damages are found on the lining of the small intestine, the individual involved is diagnosed with the celiac disease.
Another means of diagnosing celiac disease is through capturing the images of the small intestine.
The doctor will give the patient a camera pill to swallow. As the pill gets to the small intestine, it will capture thousands of images of the small intestine tissues. This will be transmitted to a recorder worn around the belt.
Later on, the pictures will be thoroughly examined. If there are damages on the lining of the small intestine, the individuals is said to be suffering from celiac disease.
At the end of the diagnosis, the doctor will recommend a gluten-free diet to the individual.
Certain medications may also be used in treating the symptoms if they are very severe. This will reduce the ugly side effects of the celiac disease.
Treatment of Celiac Disease in Adults
There is no magical cure for celiac disease. The only known way to keep the disease under control is to change your diet to no longer include the protein called gluten.
You’ll have to avoid all foods that contain any wheat, oats, rye, and barley. (Also Read: Celiac Disease Foods to Avoid)
Unfortunately, as a result, this can eliminate many types of food, but I’ll discuss this in greater detail in the diet article. I strongly believe that discipline will be the key aspect in treating celiac disease in adults, and I’ll tell you why.
Any person diagnosed with celiac disease has to drastically change their lifestyle, and this can be very emotional and very difficult for most individuals.
It’s never easy to have to watch others partake in food that you can no longer have, that’s where the emotional stress can take place, and unfortunately, stress is a compound to celiac disease.
It’s very important that you not only talk with your doctor but actually receive clear guidance and counseling with regards to maintaining the new eating lifestyle.
When people discuss treatments for the celiac disease in Adults the focus is always on the diet, but we need to also focus on the emotional aspect, as maintaining your focus will be the key to living a fulfilled and healthy lifestyle with celiac disease.
Celiac Disease Test
The disease can affect both adults and children. In most cases, children living with the disease do suffer retarded growth. Celiac disease testing is one of the major avenues of dealing with symptoms of the disease.
Basically, the blood test is the commonest testing system used in diagnosing the celiac disease. If for any reason, you find yourself suffering all manner of symptoms that point to the disease, you’re expected to rush to your doctor for a proper medical checkup.
1 Celiac Disease Blood Test
In most cases, the doctor will carry out a Celiac Disease blood test in order to diagnose the Celiac disease. The blood test can be in several forms.
Such tests are engaged in determining the higher levels of antibodies in the system of the individuals suffering from celiac disease.
The antibodies in question form part of the immune system. When they are not functioning well as a result of the celiac diseases, the immune system will be weakened.
The antibodies usually eliminate foreign substances from the human system. If you’re suffering from celiac disease, your system will be reacting to the presence of gluten in the foods you eat.
Your immune system will begin to see gluten as a foreign substance which the antibodies will also fight to eliminate.
The Celiac Disease blood tests help a lot in determining the higher levels of the antibodies in your system. When successfully conducted, the tests will showcase whether you’re having the celiac disease or not.
1 Celiac Disease Small Intestine Test
Celiac disease testing can also be carried out through the testing of samples of the small intestine.
This can be used for confirming the results already gotten from the blood tests. A portion of the affected small intestine is usually taken and then used in determining the level of damages done to its villi or lining.
The doctor usually inserts a flexible thin tube known as endoscope through your mouth. This will go through the esophagus and reaches the abdomen.
The endoscope will then reach the small intestine and also collects a sample of the small intestine tissue.
This will then be viewed under a microscope for proper examination. If the lining of the small intestine is damaged, you’re said to be suffering from celiac disease.
3. Camera Pill Test for Celiac Disease – Endoscopy
Celiac disease test can also be carried out through the use of a camera pill. This camera pill is used in taking some pictures of the small intestine.
You’ll be given a capsule endoscopy which contains a camera pill. You have to swallow the pill. At it gets down your small intestine, it will capture thousands of images and also transmit them to the recorder worn around the belt.
The doctor will then examine the pictures to see whether the lining of the small intestines are damaged or not. If they are damaged, you’re said to be having celiac disease.
If for any reason, you’re found to be living with celiac disease, the doctor will go ahead to recommend proper treatment for the Celiac Disease. He or she will recommend some gluten-free diets which you’ll be taking on a daily basis.
As you take the diet, the condition of your small intestine will improve. Many of the symptoms of the Celiac disease will also vanish. Some medications may also be recommended if you’re having a very chronic case of celiac disease.