Diabetes Mellitus Causes Signs and Symptoms

Causes of Diabetes Mellitus

Causes of Diabetes Mellitus

Unlike Diabetes Symptoms two causes of Diabetes Mellitus are numerous and may change from person to person.

They will also be different depending on whether you have type 1 DIABETES or type 2 DIABETES.

The final type gestational diabetes is triggered by a woman becoming pregnant and generally only lasts as long as the gestation period but can leave her more susceptible to type 2 diabetes in the future.

Causes of Type 1 Diabetes

Cause of Type 1 Diabetes

At a very general level interactions between genetic inheritance and infections or viruses cause type 1 diabetes.

The general theory of the causes of diabetes mellitus type 1 is that a person is born with a genetic disposition towards the disease but it is unlikely that a baby will have diabetes from birth.

A virus or an infection generally triggers type 1 diabetes which typically strikes during infancy or adolescence.

This disposition to diabetes means that any disease that attacks the immune system will affect the pancreas causing it to shut down.

Sadly no test exists for predisposition to type 1 diabetes at present so the first that most sufferers know about it is when they are diagnosed with the illness.

Causes of Type 2 Diabetes

The number of people suffering from type 2 diabetes drastically outnumbers the number of people with type 1

This is because the causes of diabetes mellitus type 2 are all due to lifestyle choices

Unlike type 1 – type 2 diabetes generally strikes people in adulthood although childhood obesity rates are on the rise as an increasing trend of young people are contracting the illness.

The following is a sample list of causes of diabetes mellitus

1 Diet


The links between diabetes and dieter appear as a poor diet tends to include foods high in carbohydrates and fats that break down into high blood sugar levels.

These high blood sugar levels put a lot of stress on the pancreas to produce more insulin to break it down and like any body part the pancreas suffers from overuse.

2 Obesity

cause of type 2 diabetes- obesity

Obesity is often linked to a poor diet as the body struggles to process the number of calories and the refined carbohydrate.

Obesity comes as a result of excess fat being stored around the body and while different people store their fat in different external areas obesity causes fact to cover all of the major internal organs.

This covering of fact impairs their function which in terms of the pancreas prevents it from producing appropriate levels of insulin.

3 Alcohol and Tobacco

cause of type 2 diabetes- alcohol and tobacco

Any drug that changes your mood or perception effectively acts as a poison on your system.

The terrible feelings associated with the comedown from nicotine and alcohol stems from your body having to process the toxins to get rid of the drugs.

Like with any poisons alcohol and tobacco affected the performance of internal organs especially those charged with purifying and processing such as your pancreas.

4 Stress

cause of type 2 diabetes- stress

The pace of life in the Western world now means that everyone seems to juggle many different things daily which can lead to emotional stress.

Stress has a very strong causality with the range of illnesses and diseases because it reduces the effectiveness of your immune system.

it can also affect your eating habits as many people resort to comfort eating to deal with the stress

As you can see the causes of diabetes mellitus type 2 are all controllable by making positive lifestyle choices.

Sometimes you can contract type 2 diabetes with no symptoms whatsoever and the disease will only become a problem when your immune system is compromised.

Your medical professional will test you for diabetes without any symptoms if you feel that your current or previous

Lifestyle choices may have been conducive to contracting the illness.

Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus

One in 3 people with Type 2 Diabetes doesn’t know that they have it and most do experience. Those early warning signs of diabetes mellitus but they just don’t understand or realize what those symptoms are

Early diagnosis and treatment of diabetes can have a profound impact on your long-term health

Just a 3-year delay in diagnosis increases your relative risk of heart disease by 29%, therefore by knowing what to look for you can take control of the situation before it takes control of you.

The signs or symptoms of high blood sugar

The symptoms are typically the same for both children and adults.

Now patients with type 1 diabetes usually develop the symptoms over like a sudden short period of time. The condition is often diagnosed in an emergency setting.

Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, progresses quite slowly symptoms tend to come on gradually which is why they’re often missed. So some don’t even experience any early symptoms at all but most do.

1 Excessive Urination

sign of diabetes mellitus - excessive urination

So as a point of reference most people pay 4 to 7 times in a 24 hour period so if you’re going much more than that it could be a red flag.

Also if you’re getting up during the night to pee even if you went before right before you went to sleep and you don’t normally wake up during the night to do this then this is also a big red flag.

Why does this happen?
Your kidneys are working overtime to expel X excess sugar in your blood and sugar that cannot be absorbed into the blood must be absorbed from the blood so it must be urinated out so excess sugar in your blood equals more urination.

2. Excessive thirst is another Glaring Symptom

symptoms of diabetes - excessive thirst

Drinking constantly throughout the day and even overnight so it could be something like four liters or more per day which is equivalent of a gallon.

This basically happens because of the urination excessive urination cycle so the more you pee the more you want to drink and the more you drink the more you need to pee.

3. Feeling Extremely Hungry

symptom of diabetes - excessive hungry

Those who’ve diabetes can have seems to be an insatiable appetite so even though you might have just eaten it feels like you-you have an inner thing.

Why does this happen? 
Well, diabetics have lost much of their ability to self-regulate blood sugar so this leads to a significant fluctuation in blood sugar levels.

Now when these levels plummet the brain thinks it’s starving and craves more sugar and more calories and that’s why you’re always feeling hungry.

4. Rapid or Unintentional Weight Loss

symptoms of diabetes - rapid weight loss

This is not a good weight loss it can be anywhere like between five to ten kilos or I think it’s 11 to 22 KGS in a matter of a week or a month.

This is much more common in type 1 diabetics though when your glucose metabolism can shut down really fast.

Why does this happen?
With that new energy coming into the cells the body is tricked into thinking you’re in a sort of starvation so in order to provide the energy the body responds by breaking down protein in the muscle and this leads to muscle deterioration and which accounts for almost all of that weight loss.

5. Unusual Fatigue and feeling very Weak

symptoms of diabetes - unusual fatigue

Unmanaged diabetes is going to leave you feeling very lousy and lazy like extremely lazy and fatigue to the point where you can’t do your regular daily activities.

This happens because with all the sugar remaining in the blood it’s not it doesn’t get absorbed into the cells for energy so you literally have less energy.

So the body is also expending more energy to try and filter out that excess sugar. Kidneys are in overdrive you’re probably sleeping poorly and your blood sugar levels are going up and down when you when you eat so this is all starting to take its toll and that’s why you’re feeling really really lethargic.

6. Tingling or numbness insane in the body’s extremities

signs and symptoms of diabetes - tingling

Like your hands and feet toes and fingers these is actually a really common sign of high blood sugar or unmanaged diabetes

It generally happens in the morning after you’ve woken up even if you know you haven’t been sleeping uncomfortably or sleeping on your arm or something on your leg you still feel that tingling or it can even be a burning sensation.

This happens because the sugar that lingers in the blood for a long period of time starts to damage the nerves and your nerve endings and nerves that are furthest from the heart they are not well repaired because there you’ve got circulation problems and they’re the furthest point so that is your toes and your fingers and that’s why you’ll get that tingling or burning sensation.

7. Distorted or Blurry Vision

sign of diabetes - blurry vision

This is a common sign of high blood sugar as well and this happens because excess sugar in the blood is pulling fluid out of the cells and tissue and this includes your lens in the eye which can swell and alter its ability to focus.

Fortunately, this is a large reversal once you treat your blood sugar levels.

8 Overly Itchy or Irritated Skin

symptoms of diabetes - itching skin

This can be a sign of high blood sugar and you can even get dark skin around your neck here and armpits now this dry skin can be the result of poor circulation and or excessive fluid loss from urinating too much.

The darkening skin is to do with a hormonal change namely insulin resistance.

So the last early sign of diabetes is

9 Cuts and wounds that just don’t heal or heal very slowly

symptoms of diabetes mellitus - wound heal slowly

It’s not uncommon for someone to get even a leg bruise or a cut on your foot or something that just won’t close up it’s really common in the extremities where the circulation is the least strong so this goes hand in hand with the numbness and tingling.

This happens because yeah the sugar that’s in the bloodstream so that’s damage to arteries and veins and that affects circulation.

The blood is required to facilitate healing so with limited circulation a wound or bruises will be very slow to heal because there’s just less blood going there. The lower down the cut it tends to read the slower the healing process.

So there you have it there the nine early warning signs of diabetes as I mentioned at the start with symptoms between adults and children tend to be like similar so if you are experiencing any of these warning signs then go and get your blood sugar levels tested with your medical practitioner.

Just remember that an early diagnosis can stop those temporary symptoms from becoming permanent.

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