Meningitis Definition | Symptoms | Causes | Treatment


Meningitis Symptoms

Meningitis often begins acutely, more rarely – gradually (tuberculous, fungal); meningitis is usually preceded by fever, weakness, pain in muscles and the characteristics of a specific pathogen:

when meningococcus – rashes, when pneumococcus – runny nose, pneumonia, otitis, when parotitis – a lesion of salivary lands, when enterovirus – bowel disorder.

Infectious Meningitis

The main symptom of meningitis is headache pain spilled nature, which is growing rapidly, and reaches such intensity that adult patients whimper and children screaming and crying. Soon begins nausea and vomiting, lasting many times.

Headache pain increases with the changing body pose, from the audio and visual stimuli. There is increased sensitivity of the skin.

The state of the adult can dramatically deteriorate within 24 hours, and in a child – even faster. Adolescents and adults appear irritability, confusion, and then increasing sleepiness, which can go into sopor and coma.

The disease leads to brain edema and prevents the blood, causing symptoms similar to symptoms of stroke, including paralysis.

What are the Symptoms of Meningitis in Adults?

Symptoms of Meningitis in Adults

Sign and Symptoms of Meningitis in adults depend on the type of meningitis and a few more factors. We will tell you more about this issue.

Meningitis is a serious condition that causes brain membranes inflammation and affects the spinal cord as well.

Bacterial meningitis is more serious than viral meningitis and can lead to severe damages in the body. Kidney failure, permanent brain damages, spinal cord damages, and coma are among possible complications that can occur in some patients.

Viral meningitis is not so severe and it usually goes away within two weeks and without any special treatment or hospitalization.

As we know, meningitis is caused by either bacteria or viruses. Certain medications, fungi, and some toxic substances can also cause meningitis. Recovery period also depends on the type of meningitis. Bacterial meningitis can require longer recovery time and it can be more difficult than viral meningitis recovery.

Bacterial meningitis can be lethal. The worst thing about this type of meningitis is that its symptoms can develop in a very short time. They can worsen very rapidly and result in serious damages. Several deaths have been reported due to bacterial meningitis. Infants are at great risk since the symptoms are difficult to detect.

Viral meningitis has similar symptoms to those of flu. That is why it is harder to detect it in adults. People usually believe that it is just a cold or flu, so they stay home and take the usual remedies for flu and cold. This type of meningitis usually leaves no serious consequences and it can be treated without any problems.

Sign and Symptoms of Meningitis  in Adults

Meningitis symptoms in adults can develop very fast. The most common ones are:

– Fever

– Stiff neck

– Headaches

– Vomiting

– Nausea

– Seizures

– Sensitivity to light

– Confusion

These symptoms do not necessarily occur all together, but a person with meningitis will probably experience at least two of these symptoms.

Signs of Meningitis in Children

Signs of Meningitis in Children

Signs of Meningitis in children is harder to detect than that in adults. The symptoms can resemble flu symptoms or they can go unnoticed. This is especially problematic in infants.

One of the symptoms is excessive crying. Now, we know that infants cry even if they are perfectly healthy. In addition, symptoms like lethargic behavior and confusion are very hard to notice in babies.

Problems with thinking and concentration are also very hard to detect in children. Another problem is that your baby cannot tell you that something is wrong.

That means you have to check your baby’s health regularly and look out for the symptoms nearly every day. Keep in mind that bacterial meningitis in children worsens very rapidly since their immune system is just not strong enough to deal with this infection.

Meningitis is more likely to occur in very young children. They have the greatest risk to develop this illness.

Meningitis signs and symptoms in children include:

– Vomiting

– Irritability

– Lethargic behavior

– Fever

– Sleepiness

– Problems with concentration

– Reduced water intake

– Rash

– Seizures

– Nausea

– Headaches

– Sensitivity to light

– Neck stiffness

These symptoms do not necessarily occur all at once; in addition, some of them can be hard to detect. This can be dangerous because bacterial meningitis can develop into severe condition within only one day. Several infant deaths due to bacterial meningitis have been reported.

Skin rashes are also possible signs of Meningitis in Children. Check your child’s skin regularly and pay attention to your child’s behavior, especially if the child is very young.

If you notice any of these symptoms, call your doctor right away and take your child to the hospital.

Meningitis Treatment in Adults

Meningitis Treatment in Adults
Meningitis Treatment in Adults

Meningitis treatment depends on several factors. First, it depends on the type of meningitis. Bacterial meningitis treatment is different from viral meningitis treatment. These two types of meningitis differ from each other in many ways.

Bacterial meningitis can develop into the severe condition and the symptoms can worsen in very short time. This type of meningitis can result in complications like kidney failure, permanent brain damage, spinal cord damage (also permanent), coma and even death in some cases.

Bacterial meningitis in infants can be extremely dangerous. The worst thing about infant meningitis is that you cannot see the symptoms right away. In addition, some symptoms are hard to detect, like excessive crying, for example.

Babies cry for many reasons, so you can think that something else is wrong. However, if you detect other unusual things in your infant’s behavior, visit your doctor right away.

Your baby can look sleepy, tired, and confused. If the baby has high fever, vomiting, nausea and rash, these can be signs of meningitis.

Viral meningitis is not so severe and in most cases, it goes away without special treatment and/or hospitalization. These symptoms are mild and people usually thing that it is just a bad cold or flu. The recovery period is shorter and complications are unlikely to happen.

How to Treat Meningitis?

As we said, viral meningitis is easier to treat than bacterial meningitis. The most important thing in treating viral meningitis is taking enough fluids and vitamins. In other words, you have to strengthen your immune system. Stay home and consume hot tea, lemon, honey and other foods rich in vitamins. Avoid close physical contacts with other people.

Bacterial meningitis treatment is more demanding. In some cases, it is necessary to hospitalize the patient and give him/her the right treatment. The treatment can include antibiotics, depending on how serious it is.

Other measures can also be taken in treating patients with bacterial meningitis. Sometimes hospitalization is unavoidable. Depending on the symptoms, your doctor will give you appropriate treatment. In severe cases, antibiotics are given intravenously.

Other medications (like corticosteroids) can also be given to the patient, in order to reduce the brain swelling. The patient will be monitored and his/her condition will be constantly controlled.

Never take any medications without your doctor’s knowledge. It is important that you stick your doctor’s instructions until the end of your recovery period.

Side Effects of Meningitis Vaccine


This article will provide some info on the side effects of the meningitis vaccine. This vaccine is very efficient. Meningitis can be very serious and can lead to severe complications.

Bacterial meningitis is especially harmful and can cause severe damages of one’s brain and spinal cord. Kidney failure is also one of the serious damages. The worst thing of all is that those damages are often permanent and cannot be treated.

Viral meningitis is not very severe and can be treated in a rather simple way. In fact, no special treatment is needed for this illness to go away. It will probably pass in two weeks or so, and with not serious problems.

Unlike viral meningitis, bacterial meningitis can result in serious health problems and even death.

In infants, this condition can be particularly hard. The symptoms are not always obvious, especially in babies. Babies cannot tell you that something is wrong. However, crying can indicate various problems other than meningitis.

Therefore, you have to look out for other meningitis symptoms in a child. If you see any rash on your baby’s skin, or the baby has high fever, these symptoms can indicate meningitis. Do not wait for the symptoms to go away spontaneously. Take your baby to the hospital. Keep in mind that bacterial meningitis symptoms can worsen in just one day. That is why you should not wait.

Meningitis Vaccine

Meningitis vaccine seems to be efficient in preventing this illness.

This vaccine is also called MPSV4.

There is another type of meningitis vaccine: MCV4.

These two vaccines are used in preventing meningitis. The mechanisms these vaccines use are based upon our own immunity and the ability of the body to protect itself from certain types of bacteria.

Small amount of bacteria proteins are present in this vaccine and it makes the body develop its own immunity to this type of bacteria.

It is important to say that the meningitis vaccine is not useful in treating meningitis that is already present in the body. This vaccine is only efficient in preventing this disease, which means – before it occurs.

Side Effects of Meningitis Vaccine

Although it is very efficient, the meningitis vaccine can cause side effects. Those are:

– High fever

– Fatigue

– Headache

– Weakness

– Arms pain

– Legs pain

– Skin irritation in the spot where it was injected

– Vomiting

– Diarrhea

– Appetite loss

These side effects of Meningitis Vaccine do not usually occur all together. Some people never experience any of those.

Bacterial Meningitis Rash

Bacterial meningitis rash can occur as one of the symptoms.

Other symptoms of bacterial meningitis include



stiff neck,

General weakness,



Skin rash

This condition can be very severe in infants. Infants cannot tell you that something is wrong; however, you will notice that your baby’s behavior is different. Baby will cry too much and you will have difficulties in feeding your baby.

The rash can also occur in infants. The rash looks bad and it can spread all over one’s body. Viral meningitis rash is a little different from bacterial meningitis rash.

Bacterial meningitis rash is manifested through small red spots all over the body, while viral meningitis rash can occur only on one’s legs and arms.

Viral meningitis can also go along with conjunctivitis and sore throat. Although high fever is one of the symptoms of viral meningitis, low body temperature can occur in infants.

You should pay attention to your baby’s skin and look for the rash. If you see skin rashes and notice any of the symptoms, contact your doctor right away.

Keep in mind that infants can die due to meningitis complications since their immune system is just not strong enough to cope with this illness.

Sometimes it is hard to tell if your baby is crying because of some problem since babies cry even if there is nothing wrong.

However, you can pay attention to your baby’s behavior and look out for more symptoms.

Control your baby’s body temperature and skin regularly. If you see any rash, do not wait for too long, but go to your doctor immediately.

Be the first to comment

Leave a Reply