Psoriasis is a skin disorder in which red, flaky rashes appear on the skin. Psoriasis is not an infectious disease. This is a recurring disease which can be worse and worse over time.
Psoriasis is marked with an autoimmune reaction. It is considered to be the cause of the body’s immune system i.e. the disease-resistant system. Our skin takes approximately 28 days to replace old cells and to produce new cells, but the skin of those suffering from psoriasis produces new cells in just 4-5 days. This starts to freeze the cells. This eventually causes red, dry and itching patches on the skin.
How is Psoriasis Diagnosed?
Two tests may be necessary for the diagnosis of psoriasis –
Most doctors diagnose psoriasis with a simple test. Symptoms of Psoriasis are generally clear and easy to differentiate between other conditions. Which can cause similar symptoms?
During this test, show the skin with psoriasis to your doctor and also tell if any family member has had psoriasis.
If the symptoms are unclear or the doctors want to confirm their diagnosis, they can take a small sample of the skin. It is known as a biopsy. The skin is sent to a laboratory, where it is examined under the microscope. The test can diagnose the type of your psoriasis. It can also diagnose other potential disorders or infections.
Most biopsies are done on your appointment day in your doctor’s office. To make biopsy less painful, the doctor can use a local numbing drug. When the results arrive, the doctor may request an appointment to discuss the findings and treatment options with you.
Treatment of Psoriasis
How to treat psoriasis?
There is no cure for psoriasis. The purpose of treatment is to reduce inflammation, slow down the development of skin cells. There are three categories of psoriasis cure –
The cream and ointment are applied directly on the skin to reduce mild to moderate psoriasis.
Treatment of topical psoriasis –
Vitamin de analogs
People with moderate to severe psoriasis and those people who have not been affected by other treatments may need to use oral or injectable drugs. These drugs have very serious side effects, so doctors usually write them down for a short time.
Medicines include –
It uses ultraviolet (UV) or natural light to treat psoriasis. Sunlight eliminates those very active white blood cells. Those healthy skin cells are attacking. And are rapidly creating cells. Both UVA and UVB light can be useful in reducing the symptoms of light-to-moderate psoriasis.
Most people with moderate to severe psoriasis benefit from the combination of treatment. In this type of treatment, more than one type of treatment may be used to reduce symptoms. Some people can use the same treatment in their entire life. If the effect of treatment used on their skin is complete, they may sometimes need to change the treatment.
Medicines for psoriasis
If you have severe psoriasis through the medium. Or the effect of other treatments on psoriasis has ceased. So doctors can give you medicines as oral or injections.
The most common oral and injectable drugs used for the treatment of psoriasis include:
Biologics – This class of drugs changes your immune system. These medicines are given in the veins through injection.
Retinoids – These medicines reduce skin cell production. Once you stop using them, there may be a possibility of symptoms of psoriasis. Pregnant women or women who are pregnant in the next three years should not take retinoids due to the risk of potential birth defects.
Cyclosporine – This drug prevents the response of the immune system, which can reduce the symptoms of psoriasis. This means that if your immune system is weak, then you can easily get sick. Side effects include kidney problems and high blood pressure.
Methotrexate – Like cyclosporin, this drug exerts pressure on the immune system. It can have less side effects when low dose is used, but it can cause serious side effects over a long period of time. This includes loss of liver, low production of red and white blood cells.
Medicines of Psoriasis
Many medicines are available for psoriasis All these medicines are given below. But keep in mind that without consulting the doctor, please do not take any medicines. By taking medicines without the advice of a doctor, your health can be seriously damaged.
4 Quin Dx
4 Quin Pd
A Ret Tz