What is Rheumatoid Arthritis?
This is a situation in which the body’s immune system attacks itself on its body tissues. Rheumatoid arthritis damages the joints of the joints, due to which they start to cause pain and swelling and in the end result in problems such as a bone wound or joints in the joints. Attached Rheumatoid Arthritis Inflammation in other parts of the body can also damage. Due to severe Rheumatoid Arthritis, problems like physical disability can also be there.
Rheumatoid affects the joints on both sides of the body simultaneously, such as both sides, both wrists or both knees. And this is the specialty that separates it from all other types of arthritis. It can also affect skin, eyes, lungs, heart, blood or nerves. Arthritis occurs in more women than men. It often starts in middle age, it is very common among older people.
Symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis
The main symptom of rheumatoid arthritis is pain and swelling in the joints. It can also show some other common symptoms and swelling in other parts of the body.
Symptoms that affect joints:
Rheumatoid arthritis usually affects body joints, it can bother any joint of the body. Rheumatoid often affects small joints in first hands and feet.
Rheumatoid Arthritis is associated with joint pain, this pain usually feels like pain. After resting in the morning or for a long time, its condition worsens.
Clog: Joints affected by rheumatoid arthritis may feel stiffness or stiffness, such as if your hands have been affected by Rheumatoid, you will not be able to completely close the fists of the fingers. Its closeness becomes more serious after resting in the morning or for a long time. The clog of the morning may be associated with other types of arthritis, which is called Osteoarthritis. Due to osteoarthritis, joints get stiffness in the morning, which can last for about 30 minutes, but it takes more time to recover due to Rheumatoid Arthritis.
(Also Read: Treatment for Rheumatoid Arthritis in Fingers)
Inflammation, redness and warming – the joints affected by rheumatoid arthritis start to become inflamed, due to which the affected skin starts red, and pain is caused by touching.
Additional Signs –
People with Rheumatoid Arthritis experience many other common symptoms, such as:
Feeling fatigue and lack of energy,
High temperature ( fever )
Lack of appetite,
Inflammatory Arthrities associated with Rheumatoid Arthritis can sometimes cause problems affecting other areas of the body such as:
Dry eyes, eyes are affected
Chest pain, heart or lung affect
If the patient has swelling for more than 6 months in the joints, then the doctor can send it to the Rheumatologist. So that the diagnosis can be confirmed and the treatment can be done as soon as possible.
Causes of Rheumatoid Arthritis
Rheumatoid arthritis occurs when the immune system attacks on synovium. There is a layer of the membrane around the sinological joints.
In the end, the bone between the cartilage and the joints is destroyed as a result of swelling etc. in the synovium. (Cartilage consists of strong and flexible tissues connecting two bones)
Tendons and ligaments that hold joints simultaneously get stretched, and they become weak. In such a situation, gradually, the joints lose their shape and line.
Some Risk Factors Developing Rheumatoid Arthritis :
It can happen at any age, but the likelihood of getting it increases as well as aging. The maximum likelihood of the introduction of rheumatoid arthritis occurs after 60 years.
New cases of rheumatoid arthritis are found in women more than men.
If there is rheumatoid arthritis of any member of your family, then other members may also increase the risk of developing it.
Consumption of cigarette etc. increases the risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis and makes the state of the disease worse.
Giving birth to children:
The women who have never given birth to a child may have a high risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis.
Women who smoke:
The risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis increases significantly in their children too.
Increasing weight or increasing obesity increases the risk of Rheumatoid arthritis.
Prevention of Rheumatoid Arthritis
As Rheumatoid Arthritis is an immune system disorder, there is no way to prevent it. Although some lifestyle-related precautions can be taken?
Maintain a healthy weight:
If your weight is high, then the inappropriate stress of the body falls on the joints, which add weight to the body. Therefore it is very important to lose weight. Medicines work well in people whose weight is normal.
Try to reduce cholesterol:
For those with Rheumatoid Arthritis, the risks of heart diseases and stroke etc. increase in their life. Therefore it is very important to take a good and balanced meal and keep cholesterol levels low.
Try Quitting Smoking:
Some evidence suggests that smoking can increase the risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis. Even after developing rheumatoid, smoking becomes more serious due to its smoking.
Physical activities are necessary to maintain movement in joints. If rheumatoid arthritis is beginning to weaken the surrounding muscles, then exercise can help to strengthen them. Exercises that do not have muscle strain are the best exercises, such as swimming.
Diagnosis of Rheumatoid Arthritis
Diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis can be time-consuming, and many laboratory tests may be required to confirm diagnostic tests findings.
To diagnose, the doctor will first ask the symptoms of your problem and previous medical information. During this time doctors also examine patients’ joints, including redness and swelling and muscle strength etc. Doctors touch their affected joints and check their heat, pain on touching etc.
Some imaging tests may be required. These tests show how much damage the rheumatoid has caused, and how severe the damage is.
There are some types of tests that help doctors determine whether the patient has rheumatoid arthritis. These tests include the following tests:
Antinuclear antibody test:
This test is done in your immune system to see if it is producing antibodies. Affected by problems such as rheumatoid arthritis, the body begins to form antibodies.
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate:
This test is done to check the level of swelling etc. in the body. The result is to tell the doctor about the presence or absence of swelling. Although this test does not indicate swelling etc.
Rheumatoid Factor Test:
This blood test is done, which is used to examine proteins, this protein is called a rheumatoid factor. This factor is found in people with Rheumatoid Arthritis.
Anti-Sutrylinated Protein Antibody Test (anti-CCP ):
This test is used to test antibodies that are attached to rheumatoid arthritis. Those people who get these antibodies are usually consumed by this disease.
C-Reactive Protein Test:
Serious infection or swelling anywhere in your body triggers the liver to make the reactive protein. The high level of C reactive protein can be associated with rheumatoid arthritis.
Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis
There is no cure for Rheumatoid Arthritis, the main goal of Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis is:
Reducing swelling and redness in joints,
Reduce any type of disability due to pain, joint damage or deformity.
Preventing or lowering of joint damage
Medicines for Rheumatoid Arthritis –
During its initial treatment, doctors prescribe medicines that have very little side effects. As the disease progresses, powerful drugs are used.
These drugs suppress the immune system. And as rheumatoid arthritis is an immune system disorder, symptoms can be reduced with the help of drugs.
Non-Steroids Anti-Inflammatory Drugs ( NSAIDs):
These drugs are used to reduce pain and reduce swelling etc. as well. NSAIDs drugs cannot prevent disease progression By taking high doses of these medicines or by taking them for long, these complications can arise.
Corticosteroids swelling, getting in with joints to reduce pain is very effective in slowing the loss of speed. Usually, they are given when NSAIDs do not get any help from medicines. These medicines start to relax faster, and it lasts from weeks to months, depending on the severity of symptoms.
have them called DMARDs. With the help of these, the growing speed of the disease can also be slowed, as well as to prevent permanent damage to joints and other tissues. If the patient starts taking these medicines in the beginning, it can become more effective. These medicines can take 4 to 6 months to show beneficial symptoms in the patient. Even if it does not work in the beginning, it is important to keep taking these medicines. The total time of taking this medicine is usually uncertain.
Bleaching with cold and heat:
Stretching in the muscles and baking with hot things gives you relief. Taking a bath or shower in hot water can be very beneficial. Some people help by using hot packs.
Pain can also be lighter than cold. The effect of drying the cold by baking cold makes the muscles cramped. Those patients with problems of numbness should not use a cold process. Cold-breathing treatments include cold packs, ice massages, and affected joints soaking in cold water etc.
If all the above treatment fails to help, then the doctors consider surgery to repair damaged joints. In order to reduce pain or to correct any kind of deformation in the joints, surgery may also be needed in the middle of treatment.
What to eat during Rheumatoid Arthritis?
Anti-inflammatory foods can help reduce symptoms. Food should be included in the diet, which contains high amounts of omega-3 fatty acids.
Omega 3 fatty acids include high food items:
Antioxidants like Vitamin A, Vitamin C, and Vitamin E also help reduce swelling and irritation. Foods which are high in antioxidants, such as:
Fiber consumption in high doses can also be beneficial because fiber helps to reduce reactions like inflammation and burning. Add whole grains, fresh fruits, and fresh vegetables to your diet.